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英文裡面,如何正確使用ask

“ask”是英語裡面最常用的單詞之一,但是當你使用在句子裡面時,有很多細節要註意。這裡有8種情況關於ask的使用:

1. 要求你想收到的物品Ask (Someone) For + Object

· I asked the teacher for a pencil. 我跟老師要瞭一支鉛筆。

· I asked her for a glass of water. 我跟她要瞭一杯水。

· My son asked for a video game for Christmas. 我兒子要瞭一個電子遊戲作為聖誕節(禮物)。

你也可以跟某人要某件無形的東西

· I asked the teacher for some help with the homework. 我向老師尋求傢庭作業的幫助。

· I’m going to ask my sister for advice. 我將問我妹妹的意見。

· Let’s ask the travel agent for information. 讓我們去問旅行社一些信息。

2. 問關於你想要的信息的主題。Ask (Someone) About + Topic

· I asked the teacher about the final exam. 我問瞭老師關於期末考試。

· I asked my colleague about his trip to Portugal. 我問瞭我的同事關於他去葡萄牙的旅行。

· My boss asked me about the project. 我老板問瞭我關於項目的情況。

· Let’s ask the travel agent about flights to Europe. 讓我們問旅行社關於去歐洲的航班。

3. Ask (Someone) + Question

You can also use the structure “ask (someone)” followed by the actual question you asked, using who, what, when, where, how, why:

· I asked my kids who had made the mess in the kitchen.

· He asked me what I like to do on the weekends. Let’s ask when the next showing of the movie is. I asked Jill where she had bought her dress.

· The hotel receptionist asked me how many nights I would be staying.

Have you ever asked him why he doesn’t like to travel?

Use ask… if for yes/no questions

· I asked her if she likes to dance.

· Let’s ask the waitress if there are any lunch specials. The teacher asked the class if everyone had finished the homework.

4. Ask (Someone) To + Verb 當你想讓一個人去做某事情,用這個結構

· My mother asked me to clean my room. 我媽媽要我去打掃我的房間。

· I asked my secretary to print out the report. 我叫我的秘書打印報告。

· They asked us not to make so much noise in the library. 他們叫我們不要在圖書館這麼吵鬧。

· The doctor asked me not to eat for 12 hours before the surgery. 醫生讓我手術前12小時不要吃東西。

Error Alert! Never Use: Ask To (Someone)

I asked to my friend if she had any plans.

I asked my friend if she had any plans.

Let’s ask to the teacher our question.

Let’s ask the teacher our question.

He asked to me about my family.

He asked me about my family.

I asked to everyone turn off their cell phones during the meeting.

I asked everyone to turn off their cell phones during the meeting.

Ask 動詞短語

5. ASK AROUND = ASK A NUMBER OF PEOPLE FOR INFORMATION OR HELP

“What’s the best restaurant in this area?”

“I like Gotham Bar & Grill, but if you ask around I’m sure you’ll get a number of great suggestions.”

這個地區最好的飯店是哪傢?

我喜歡Gotham Bar& Grill, 但是如果你多問問,我確定你會得到一些很棒的建議。

6. ASK OUT = INVITE SOMEONE OUT ON A ROMANTIC DATE

He wants to ask her out, but he’s too nervous.

You can also specify the invitation:

· He asked me out to/for dinner. 他邀請我出去吃晚飯。

· He asked me out to/for lunch. 他邀請我出去吃午飯。

· He asked me out for a movie. 他邀請我出去看電影。

· He asked me out for a drink. 他邀請我出去喝飲料。

· He asked me out for coffee. 他邀請我出去喝咖啡。

7. ASK OVER = INVITE SOMEONE TO YOUR HOME

I'm going to ask the new neighbors over for dinner tomorrow night.

Barbara asked me over to fix her computer.

我會邀請新鄰居明晚來吃晚飯。

Barbara邀請我來修她的電腦。

8. ASK (SOMEONE) OVER AND OVER (AGAIN) 一遍又一遍的要求

= ASK THE SAME QUESTION MANY TIMES 問同樣的問題很多次

I’ve asked her over and over again to stop calling me, and she just won’t listen.

We asked him over and over why he was upset, but he didn’t want to tell us.

我已經一遍又一遍的叫她不要打電話給我,她就是不聽。

我們問瞭他一遍又一遍,為啥他不安,但是他不想告訴我們。

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